Archive for February 2016

Tombstone Tuesday: Samuel Browning, St Andrew's Church, Epsom

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'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 4-RIC339'

Showing the grave and tombstone of Samuel Browning at St Andrew's Church, Epsom.
The inscription reads: Sacred to the memory of Samuel Browning who died 11th June 1888 aged 87

Maritime Monday: Britain, Merchant Seamen, 1918-1941 on Findmypast

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The recent announcement that the "Britain, Merchant Seamen, 1918-1941" record collection is available on Findmypast was welcomed by a number of people including myself.

In a number of cases, they extend the "British Merchant Navy, First World War Medal Cards 1914-1925"  and "England & Wales Merchant Navy Crew Lists 1861-1913record collections that Findmypast already hold.

As well as the usual name, date and place of birth, there are additional identifying features like the discharge number and the identity certificate number which can assist in finding further records about your person of interest. The real gold is the physical descriptions of the individuals, along with a photograph for some - and the names of the ships that they served on!

This card (front and back) is a "CR1" from The National Archive series BT364 gives the discharge number 1041304 and the registration number 460898. The discharge number followed the seaman from ship to ship when his contract ended. The rating F & T refers to his trade - "fireman and trimmer." 

Note that the birth place cannot be relied on as accurate as Hedley was actually born in Newfoundland not Sheerness. The distinguishing marks provide a nice description of his tattoos.

On the reverse of the card it states "First F.G. Ship" meaning first foreign-going ship, and discharged "Ochringen" - a port in Holland.

The highlighted bit is annoying, and was already on the image, but behind the word Seaman on the stamp, I can almost make out a year - which I think is 1920.

This card is a "CR2" from series BT364. It lists the seaman as only "H. Harvey" but because I knew his discharge number I was able to verify that this was the same person.

The card gives details of his service.He is being engaged on the War Hindoo in 1925, but if you see the reverse of the card if gives a series of numbers, names and dates that detail the rest of his service up till 1929.

Ship name & number
Noor Mahal     142786 
War Hindoo     143458
War Sudra       144527
War Hindoo     143458
Cynthiana        147534
Grebe              148737
War Bahadur   142737
War Bahadur   142737

The "War" ships are part of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary that existed to support the Navy.

The Historical Royal Fleet Auxiliary has a useful website where you can get the history of the ship including its movements in the date range that the seaman served.

The Crew List Index has a helpful way of searching by either number or name of ship.

Hedley's national insurance number is included on this card - another useful piece of information, that can assist in searching for more information about him later.

In 1951, it notes his last ship is Empire Celtic, a landing/troop ship for the Royal Navy post-1945, and his next ship is recorded as Massa - although so far I've not been able to find a ship of that name.

He is engaged as a "greaser", which meant he worked under an engineer and was responsible for lubricating, cleaning and repairing machinery. 

His earlier designations of fireman, trimmer and stoker, all related to feeding the engines with fuel.

He appears to have lost his discharge book and is applying for a replacement.

This next card sees Hedley being discharged from the P&O ship Orsova in 1956 and joining the Coptic, which belonged to the Shaw, Savill and Albion line. 

Merchant seaman's belongings must of been notoriously difficult to keep, as on this card he is applying for a new "British Seaman's Identity Card" as his old one is delapidated.

These are by no means all the ships that Hedley served on.
He had originally enlisted in the Royal Navy in 1915, and was in the Royal Navy Reserve and called up again in 1939.
He was at sea most of his adult life until retirement. 

Using Ancestry, I can track his further movements around the world, using passenger and crew lists. 

Hopefully, some more seaman's cards will surface, which will give me further information.

Further reading
Tracing your merchant navy ancestors : a guide for family historians by Simon Wills

Website references
The National Archives (UK)
Recording the history of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Crew List Index Project
The Ships List 

 Happy hunting


Tuesday's Tip:- Its not a census! Its the 1939 Register!

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Nearly two years ago, Findmypast announced that they had won the bid to work in partnership with the National Archives to digitise the 1939 Register for England and Wales.

Many researchers hadn't heard of the Register before, but for those in the know, this was a huge bonus and would make a big difference to our research.

Since then Findmypast have conserved, scanned, transcribed and digitised over 1.2 million pages from 7000 volumes representing over 41 million individual entries from over 2000 residences.

Initially only available on a pay-per-view basis, the 1939 Register is now available to all annual Worldwide or United Kingdom collection subscribers.  Those that subscribe to the US, Australia and New Zealand, or Ireland collections will still have to pay per view - as will those who only subscribe on a month-to-month basis.

What is the 1939 Register?

The Register was a snap census taken on 29 September 1939 at the start of Second World War to be used to issue identity cards, plan evacuations, establish rationing and inform conscription and other wartime activities.

Questions asked were:

  • Name
  • Sex
  • Age (including actual date of birth)
  • Occupation
  • Address
  • Marital status
  • Membership of naval, military or air force reserves, auxiliary forces or civil defence services or reserves
Post-war it went on to form the basis of the NHS and the Register was maintained and updated by them until at least 1991.

Transcription view for Eliza Fipkin
The Register bridges the gaps between censuses. The 1911 census is the last to be published, and the 1921 won't be published till 2022 due to the 1920 Census Act which closes this record set for 100 years. The 1931 census was destroyed in a fire, and the 1941 census was never taken due to the Second World War - the next available census will be the 1951, which is closed till 2052.

The image view of the Fipkin household, plus other households on the street

The records that are still officially closed are those that were born less than 100 years go, and are believed to still be alive. Researchers finding such entries that they believe to be incorrect can apply to have them opened.

Watch Findmypast's video tutorials to get the most out of the 1939 Register and read more information about the Register on the National Archives information page, and watch their webinar.

Happy hunting